• Stanimir Stoyanov
  • Asya Stoyanova-Doycheva
  • Todorksa Glushkova
  • Emil Doychev
  • Jordan Todorov


Summing up the experience of building Virtual Education Space, this paper presents a reference architecture known as Virtual Physical Space (ViPS). ViPS is being developed as a Cyber-Physical-Social-Space. Our goal is for the reference architecture to be adaptable for a variety of Internet of Things ecosystems in different domains such as smart cities, smart environment and agriculture, and intelligent medicine. This paper presents the first version of ViPS's general reference architecture and its core components.


[1] Stoyanov, S., Popchev, I., Doychev, E., Mitev, D., Valkanov, V., Stoyanova-Doycheva, A., Valkanova, V., Minov, I.. DeLC Educational Portal, Cybernetics and Information Technologies (CIT), Vol.10, No 3., Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2010, pp. 49-69.
[2] Стоянов, С., Попчев, И.. Инфраструктури за електронно обучение, списание „Техносфера“, БАН, 4(30)/2015, ISSN 1313-38612015, 38-45.
[3] Müller, H.. The Rise of Intelligent Cyber-Physical Systems, Computer, Dezember 2017, 7-9.
[4] Lee, E.A.. The Past, Present and Future of Cyber-Physical Systems: A Focus on Models, Sensors, vol. 15, no. 3, 2015, pp. 4837–4869.
[5] Salim, F.; Haque, U.. Urban computing in the wild: A survey on large scale participation and citizen engagement with ubiquitous computing, cyber physical systems, and Internet of Things. Int. J. Hum. Comput. Stud. 2015, 81, 31–48.
[6] Bordel, B.; Alcarria, R.; Robles, T.; Martín, D.. Cyber–physical systems: Extending pervasive sensing from control theory to the Internet of Things. Perv. Mob. Comput. 2017, 40, 156–184.
[7] Shih, C.S.; Chou, J.J.; Reijers, N.; Kuo, T.W.. Designing CPS/IoT applications for smart buildings and cities, IET Cyber Phys. Syst. Theory Appl., 2016, 1, 3–12.
[8] Hehenberger, P.; Vogel-Heuser, B.; Bradley, D.; Eynard, B.; Tomiyama, T.; Achiche, S.. Design, modelling, simulation and integration of cyber physical systems: Methods and applications. Comput. Ind. 2016, 82, 273–289.
[9] Dressler, F.. Cyber Physical Social Systems: Towards Deeply Integrated Hybridized Systems, 2018 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2018, 420-424.
[10] Sheth, A., Anantharam, P. and Henson, C.. “Physical-Cyber-Social Computing: An Early 21st Century Approach,” IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 28, no. 1, Feb. 2013, 1541–1672.
[11] Zeng, J.; Yang, L.T.; Lin, M.; Ning, H.; Ma, J.. A survey: Cyber-physical-social systems and their system-level design methodology. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 2016.
[12] Ning, H.; Liu, H.; Ma, J.; Yang, L.T.; Huang, R.. Cybermatics: Cyber–physical–social–thinking hyperspace based science and technology. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 2016, 56, 504–522.
[13] Wang, F.Y.. The Emergence of Intelligent Enterprises: From CPS to CPSS. IEEE Intell. Syst. 2010, 25, 85–88.
[14] De, S., Zhou, Y., Abad, I. L., Moessner, K.. Cyber–Physical–Social Frameworks for Urban Big Data Systems: A Survey, Applied Sciences, October 2017.
[15] Guo, B., Wang, Z., Yu, Z., Wang, Y., Yen, N.Y., Huang, R., Zhou, X., Mobile Crowd Sensing and Computing: The Review of an Emerging Human-Powered Sensing Paradigm, ACM Comput. Surv., 2015, 48, 1–31.
[16] Zhou, Y., De, S.,Moessner, K., RealWorld City Event Extraction from Twitter Data Streams, Procedia Comput. Sci. 2016, 98, 443–448.
[17] Guo, W., Zhang, Y., Li, L.. The integration of CPS, CPSS, and ITS: A focus on data, Tsinghua Sci. Technol. 2015, 20, 327–335.
[18] Digiesi, S., Facchini, F., Mossa, G., Mummolo, G., Verriello, R.. A Cyber—Based DSS for a Low Carbon Integrated Waste Management System in a Smart City, IFAC PapersOnLine, 2015, 48, 2356–2361.
[19] Costanzo, A., Faro, A., Giordano, D., Spampinato, C.. An ontological ubiquitous city information platform provided with Cyber-Physical-Social-Systems, In: Proceedings of the 13th IEEE Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference (CCNC), Las Vegas, NV, USA, 9–12 January 2016, 137–144.
[20] Guo, B., Yu, Z., Zhou, X. A, Data-Centric Framework for Cyber-Physical-Social Systems, IT Prof. 2015, 17, 4–7.
[21] Wooldridge, M.. An Introduction to MultiAgent Systems, Wiley, 2009.
[22] Гуглев, Ж., Стоянов, С.. Модел за представяне и разпространяване на събития във Виртуалното Образователно Пространство, Международна конференция „Дж. Атанасов, София, 2017, 261-264.
[23] Siewe, F., Zedan, H., Cau, A.. The Calculus of Context-aware Ambients, Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 2011, 77, 597–620
[24] Al-Sammarraie, M., H. Policy-based Approach For Context-aware Systems, PhD Thesis, Software Technology Research Laboratory De Montfort University, 2011, Leicester, United Kingdom
[25] Стоянов, С., Глушкова, Т., Попчев, И.. Моделиране на интелигентни контекстно-зависими системи, Инженерни науки, 3/2017, LIV, БАН, 2017, 5-21.
[26] Moszkowski, B.. Compositional reasoning using Interval Temporal Logic and Tempura, Lect. Notes in Comp. Sci.,1536, 1998, Springer, 439-464.
[27] Вълканов, В.. Контекстно-ориентирано управление на електронни услуги, дисертация, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов“, 2013.
[28] Tempura, Ana. http://www.antonio-cau.co.uk/ITL/itlhomepagese6.html
[29] DSpace, https://duraspace.org/dspace/.
[30] Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, http://dublincore.org/.
[31] D. Hanes, G. Salgueiro, P. Grossetete, R. Barton, J. Henry, IoT Fundamentals: Networking Technologies, Protocols, and Use Cases for the Internet of Things, Cisco Press, USA, 2017.
[32] S.Stoyanov, V. Valkanov, I. Popchev, A. Stoyanova-Doycheva, E. Doychev, A Model of Context-Aware Agent Architecture, Compt. Rend. Acad. Bulg. Sci., Tome 67, № 4, 2014, pp. 487-496.
[33] JADE, http://jade.tilab.com/download/add-ons/.
[34] JADEX, https://www.activecomponents.org/.
Как да се цитира
Stoyanov, S., Stoyanova-Doycheva, A., Glushkova, T., Doychev, E., & Todorov, J. (2018). A REFERENCE ARCHITECTURE OF INTERNET OF THINGS ECOSYSTEM. КОМПЮТЪРНИ НАУКИ И КОМУНИКАЦИИ, 7(1), 20-28. изтеглен на от http://csc.bfu.bg/index.php/CSC/article/view/201
Компютърни науки и комуникации

Most read articles by the same author(s)